What Is Myopia?
Myopia (nearsightedness) is a common vision condition in which you can see objects near to you clearly but objects farther away are blurry.
Myopia: A Global Epidemic
Myopia is the most common ocular disorder worldwide, it is the leading cause of visual impairment in children, and its incidence is increasing rapidly. In 2010, an estimated 1.9 billion people (27% of the world’s population) were myopic, and 70 million of them (2.8%) had high myopia. These numbers are projected to rise to 52% and 10%, respectively, by 2050
What Are The Causes of Myopia/ Nearsightedness?
- If both parents are having myopia there is a higher chance that their children will be myopic.
- When the eyeball is too long or the cornea is too curved at the time of development.
- Overuse of computers, mobiles has led to the high prevalence of myopia.
What are the common problems / red flags for vision problems in children?
- Constant eye rubbing
- Extreme light sensitivity
- Abnormal alignment or movement of the eye (after 6 months of age)
- The child closes one eye to see better
- Sitting too close to the television or holding handheld devices too close to eye.
- Complaining of headache or eye pain.
When should a child visit an ophthalmologist?
- Children should have their first eye exam early in life- at 6 months of age.
- They then should have additional eye exams at age 3 & just before they enter the first grade- at about age 5 or 6.
- Eye check-up every six months.