Anil Eye Care Hospital

What Is Diabetic Eye Disease, And How Does It Affect Vision

Diabetes raises to the level of chronic development that can touch millions of people all over the world. Besides other serious effects, one of the underrated but of the same status as them is diabetic eye disease. This set of retinal diseases are grouped into a number of eye conditions, such as diabetic retinopathy, DME, cataracts, glaucoma and others. If you suffers from anyone of the symptoms, get in touch with best eye specialist in thane. These can have adverse influence on seeing and in worst-case scenario it may lead to blindness. Learning the basics and the effects of diabetic eye on sight is a matter of concern for people with diabetes and their doctors. 

Diabetic Eye Disease

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy, created by diabetic eye disease, is the most common of such conditions and a main cause of adult blindness. It is the deterioration in the functioning of retinal blood vessels that result in the damage to the light sensitive tissue that lays at the back of the eye. The light that hits the nose and the retina, the latter converting light into signals that are sent to the brain enabling us to see. Hyperglycemia in diabetic retinopathy, over the course of time, increases the risk of small blood vessels in the inner eye-layer (retina) to be fraught with damages and leaks.

Two Main Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy:

  1. Darkening and blood vessels of Non Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR)
  2. The growing of new blood vessels on the strain called Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR)
In NPDR, small retinal blood vessels are abnormal, causing leakage, leading to inflammation or the formation of similar deposits that are called exudates. As PDR can be considered a persistent and further state of swelling, where new and unusual vessels start to populate the retinal surface. These vessels are poorly developed and leaking is an usual event which leads the damage to the vision and finally blindness.

Diabetic macular edema (DME)

DME is a complication of diabetic retinopathy that targets the macula, which is a tiny part of the retina embracing central vision for sharp, focused view. In hot complications of diabetes mellitus type 2, fluid filtering from inflamed blood vessels into the macula results in the swelling. This in turn results into problems with decreased vision, misperception or defocused vision, hence, making these tasks (e.g. reading, driving, etc.) a nightmare.


Cataracts, another common eye condition in diabetics, is approaching epidemics. Cataract is the word used to describe the lens of the eyes becomes cloudy, which is usually clear. High blood sugar levels can cause the lens to swell and change shape, leading to the development of a cataract. Cataracts can cause blurry vision, glare, and difficulty seeing at night. If you suffering from blurry vision, glare, redness then consult with retina specialist in thane west.


Glaucoma, referring to a number of vision threatening eye diseases, which involves damage to the optic nerve that is vital for good eye health. Diabetes not only raises the risk of establishing a kind of glaucoma called neovascular glaucoma but also sustains the condition in the affected individuals.

Diabetic Eye Disease

 In this case, avascular necrosis sets on the iris, preventing the normal draining process of the eye thereby causing its fluid retention. This often results in higher eye pressure, optic nerve damage or reduced vision. Eye is very sensitive part of a body, to keep your eyes healthy and want better vision so always consult with eye care cornea centre in thane.

Symptoms Of Diabetic Eye Disease

The understanding by the patients of diabetic eye disease is the key to prompt action and preventing of vision problem. Symptoms of diabetic eye disease include:
  • Blurred vision
  • Floaters or dust grains in the field of view.
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • Changes in color perception

The situation may be such that a person becomes blind in one or both eyes or may experience black ticker in the visual field. If the symptoms occur, don’t hesitate to visit a doctor right away, especially if you are a diabetic patient, or you belong to the target groups.

Diagnosis For Diabetic Retinopathy

Early diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy is crucial for preventing vision loss.

  • Dilated eye examination: Through the dilation of the pupils, eye doctors are able to look at the retina for signs of retinopathy in case of diabetes patients.
  • Fundus photography: By use of high-resolution images, we can follow changes and accompany them with documents as a way of monitoring the development over time.
  • Optical coherence tomography (OCT): This visualization technique enables saw-like slices of the retina that are necessary in detecting the early stage of diabetic macular edema.
  • Fluorescein angiography: Contrarily, the doctors, by injecting a fluorescent dye into the bloodstream, can simply and in real-time observe the blood flow in the retina, and detect areas of leaking or unnecessary blood vessel growth.

Precautions Of Diabetic Eye Disease

Prevention is key when it comes to diabetic eye disease. People with diabetes can reduce their risk of developing diabetic eye disease by:
  • Managing blood sugar levels through diet, exercise, and medication
  • Controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels
  • Quitting smoking
  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including regular eye exams.


Precautions Of Diabetic Eye Disease


In conclusion, diabetic eye disease is a sight-threatening condition that is associated with diabetes and may result in permanent vision impairment or even blindness if not diagnosed and treated early. Education on the diverse forms of diabetes as one of the major concerns behind eye conditions, such as diabetic retinopathy, DME, cataract, and glaucoma, is of utmost importance not only for the diabetes-affected individuals but also their medical providers. Timely check-in, start of looking for the disease and proper treatment are key factors in the effective ophthalmic care of patients with diabetes. The vision preservation is the main goal. Risk of developing diabetic eye disease can be turned into the protective value for sight, provided that good blood sugar control prevails along with control of blood pressure and cholesterol as well as being followed with a healthy way of life. Prevent your eye from diabetic diseases and get better vision at best eye hospital in dombivli palava kalyan thane.

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